domination in the Andean southlands of northern Chile, southern Bolivia, and northwest. Argentina. Rodolfo Raffino's work constitutes, no doubt, the cornerstone. ARGENTINA UNDER MENEM: THE AESTHETICS OF DOMINATION. Under President Carlos Saul Menem's reactionary cultural revolution, Argentina has. The history of Argentina can be divided into four main parts: the pre-Columbian time or early chroniclers in the expedition of Juan Díaz de Solís in to the Río de la Plata, which marks the beginning of Spanish domination in this region.